During the Seven Years' War (in the United States, known as the French and Indian War), British forces seized Canada from the French, but the francophone population remained politically isolated from the southern colonies.Excluding the Native Americans, who were being conquered and displaced, the 13 British colonies had a population of over 2.1 million in 1770, about one-third that of Britain.Although the Spanish did not land, natives paddled to the ship to trade furs for abalone shells from California.
Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, and the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776.The war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power.Despite continuing new arrivals, the rate of natural increase was such that by the 1770s only a small minority of Americans had been born overseas.In 1774, the Spanish Navy ship Santiago, under Juan Pérez, entered and anchored in an inlet of Nootka Sound, Vancouver Island, in present-day British Columbia.After Spain sent Columbus on his first voyage to the New World in 1492, other explorers followed.
The first Europeans to arrive in territory of the modern United States were Spanish conquistadors such as Juan Ponce de León, who made his first visit to Florida in 1513; however, if unincorporated territories are accounted for, then credit would go to Christopher Columbus who landed in Puerto Rico on his 1493 voyage.
He made landfall on the Oregon coast at approximately 44°30′ north latitude, naming his landing point Cape Foulweather.
Bad weather forced his ships south to about 43° north before they could begin their exploration of the coast northward.
For the landmass comprising North, Central and South America, see Americas.
For other uses, see America (disambiguation), US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation).
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U. C., and the largest city by population is New York City.